Mission Statement

PQIA’s mission is to serve the consumer of lubricants by testing and reporting on the quality and integrity of lubricants in the marketplace.

It is expected that this improved visibility of quality will lead to wider conformance by lubricant manufacturers to specification and performance claims.
 
 
The Petroleum Quality Institute of America
serves buyers and consumers of lubricants through
the support of:

Afton Chemical


Chemlube International

Chevron

CHS Industries

CITGO

Eni USA R&M Co. Inc.


Gulf Lubricants

Infineum USA L.P.

JAX

KOST USA

Lubrication Engineers

Lubricating Specialties Co.


Lubrizol

Oronite

Petro-Canada

Phillips 66

Pinnacle Oil

Reliance Fluid Technologies

Royal Mfg

Royal Purple

Safety-Kleen

Universal Lubricants, LLC

Warren Distribution

Warren Oil




Lubricant Distributor Supporters

   

CODE OF ETHICAL BUSINESS CONDUCT

The Petroleum Quality Institute of America (PQIA) Code of Ethical Business Conduct (Code)
is the cornerstone of the PQIA initiative as it clearly and strictly defines the standards by which PQIA and its management, employees, and supporter (“Supporters”) will conduct business in the lubricants marketplace.
 

PQIA CODE

PQIA ADVISORY BOARD
The Petroleum Quality Institute of America's Advisory Board comprises a distinguished group of professionals with prominence in a broad range of fields in the lubricants business.

The role of the Advisory Board is to provide PQIA's management with guidance, advice, recommendations and counsel in how to best pursue PQIA's purpose and mission.

 Advisory Board Members

Click here for AB Members

 



PQIA Issues Consumer Alert on Cruz-In Motor Oil
December 1, 2017  





The results of the tests conducted on this sample DO NOT meet the SAE J300 specifications for the SAE Viscosity The results of the tests conducted on this sample DO NOT meet the SAE J300 specifications for the SAE Viscosity Grade listed on the product label, and ARE NOT consistent with API SC/CC Service Category claimed on the label. The Kinematic Viscosity @ 100°C is 63% lower than the minimum viscosity specification for this SAE grade. In addition, the organometallic additive levels in this sample are not typical of an SC/CC motor oil and if they were, it's important to note that the SC/CC service category is obsolete and is not suitable for use in automobile engines built after 1967. Use of such products can cause equipment harm to virtually all automobile engines currently on the road. The label on this product fails to give adequate warnings about its limited use. Further, the very high level of silicon in this sample indicates the product may be contaminated with abrasive material.

Tractor Hydraulic Fluid Timeline
November 28, 2017  

The Petroleum Quality Institute of America (PQIA) received a considerable amount of feedback when we reported in our November 17th issue that the Missouri Department of Agriculture (MDA) removed "303" tractor hydraulic fluid (THF) from sale in the state. Nearly all who contacted PQIA expressed support of the MDA's decision and many feel this action should be implemented by other states in an effort to help protect farmers' equipment and level the playing field for marketers and retailers to compete. They add, however, that such implementation should allow time for marketers to cycle in current-spec products to avoid costly recalls. 

CLICK TO ENLARGE
A significant number of those who responded to PQIA's article agreed to the reasons the MDA removed 303 THF from sale. As made clear in the MDA's Consumer Protection Alert, "The John Deere (JD) 303 designation is 57 years old and has been obsolete for 43 years. In addition, there are no specifications available for 303 Tractor Hydraulic Fluids and, as such, products making only '303' claims cannot be tested to assure compliance with any known specifications. This action is being taken to protect tractor owners from equipment damage."

Another issue that surfaced from the feedback PQIA receive is that many in- and outside of the lubricants business will benefit from a simple to understand chart illustrating the timeline for John Deere THF specifications and where "303" fluids fit in. In response, PQIA created the reference guide shown above. 

Note: As stated in the Missouri Department of Agriculture Consumer Protection Alert, "Companies have been given the opportunity to revise their claims on the container to clearly identify the appropriate use of the product therein. The Department is working with manufacturers, distributors and retailers to ensure a low-cost product with accurate labeling is available in the State of Missouri."
Click for MDA Consumer Protection Alert  

Missouri Orders 303 Tractor Hydraulic Fluids Out of the State
November 17, 2017  

The State of Missouri Department of Agriculture Weights, Measures & Consumer Protection Division ordered that effective immediately Tractor Hydraulic Fluid (THF) labeled only as “303” can no longer be sold in the state, and the reason why is clear.

The John Deere (JD) 303 designation is 57 years old and has been obsolete for 43 years. In addition, there are no specifications available for 303 THF, and as such products making only “303” claims cannot be tested to assure compliance with any known specifications. Because of this, in the interest of protecting consumers, the State of Missouri ordered that “303” THF cannot be sold in the state.

Missouri’s banning the sale of “303” THF will have a significant impact due to the proliferation of 303 fluids in the market. These fluids are typically sold as low cost THFs and account for a very significant share of total THF sales. In fact, in some markets they are the leading type sold. Further, they are produced and sold by many lubricant manufacturers, marketers and retailers in the US and some have already received Stop Sale orders from the State of Missouri Department of Agriculture Weights, Measures & Consumer Protection Division.

Although not necessarily a shot heard around the world, the actions taken by the state of Missouri will most certainly send a clear message to marketers, retailers and farmers in other states. Because whereas the State of Missouri is the first to ban the sale of 303 THF, chances are others will follow.

Related Stories:
Four More 10W-30s
November 10, 2017  

The results of the tests conducted on samples of the brands below meet the SAE J300 specifications for the SAE Viscosity Grade listed on the product label, and are consistent with the listed API Service Categories.

It should be noted, however, that the Par Mar API SN product does not display the API certification mark (donut) showing that it is an API licensed product.

CLICK BOTTLES BELOW FOR ASSESSMENTS



 

 
Read the Labels When Buying Motor Oil

The Petroleum Quality Institute of America (PQIA) heard from a number of readers after we published results on October 24th for the most recent SAE 5W-30 motor oils PQIA examined, and their comments shared common concerns. The first concern is why there are motor oils currently in the market labeled with API Service Categories no more recent than API SJ and SL.

In the views of some, such products should not be on retail shelves alongside with API SN motor oils. This is because they can easily be perceived by a reasonable consumer to meet the same specification as the majority of other motor oils in the market. Further, they say, since API SN motor oils are backward compatible, there is little reason to sell anything less, and by doing so may confuse the consumer.

The second concern focused on the fact that although some of the motor oils tested have labels with language that suggests the products meet an API Service Category (i.e. formulated to meet…), they do not explicitly state the product does, and/or does not display the API Donut certifying that it is licensed. Although there are no laws requiring that a motor oil is licensed by the API trade association, such licensing provides a level of assurance that the oil meets the performance requirements set by the API and subject to quality testing conducted by API’s Aftermarket Audit Program (AMAP).

The PQIA understands and shares the concerns expressed by its readers, and has and will continue to bring attention to these issues and work with the industry and others in an effort to address them.

At the same time, it remains very important for consumers to refer to their owner’s manual to determine what motor oil specifications their vehicle requires and match those requirements with the specifications on the label of the bottles they purchase. These specifications include SAE Viscosity Grade, API Service Category, and any applicable performance specifications specific to the vehicle manufacturer (i.e. General Motor’s dexos®).

Hot off the Press – HDEO Timeline
October 26, 2017  

In addition to the “Caring for Your Car – Engine Oil Timeline,” PQIA developed to help educate consumers about the American Petroleum Institute (API) Service Categories for passenger car motor oils, we now have a similar, and simple timeline designed to help educate consumers about the Service Categories for diesel engine oils.

CLICK TO ENLARGE







API SERVICE CATEGORIES FOR PASSENGER CAR ENGINE OIL

Four More SAE 5W-30s
October 24, 2017  

The results of the tests conducted on samples of the brands below meet the SAE J300 specifications for the SAE Viscosity Grade listed on the product label, and are consistent with the listed API Service Categories. It should be noted, however, that the Formula 300 API SL is formulated for use in 2004 and older gasoline-powered automotive engines, and the PolyGuard API SM is formulated for use in 2010 and older gasoline-powered automotive engines.

Furthermore, the PolyGuard API SM and the Formula 300 API SL products do not display the API certification mark (donut) showing that it is an API licensed product. As such, they are not subject to quality testing conducted by the API’s Aftermarket Audit Program (AMAP). This is a reminder to always read the front and back labels of the product you purchased to assure it meets the requirements for your vehicle (as shown in the owner’s manual).

CLICK BOTTLES BELOW FOR TEST RESULTS AND PQIA ASSESSMENTS




Two More Bad Apples!
October 6, 2017  


In the day following the PQIA Lubricant Quality Summit on September 14th, PQIA stopped by several convenience stores located within a few blocks of the hotel where the Summit reception was held. To our disappointment, we found two products on the shelves that immediately raised concern due to labeling issues. And now that the test results are in, it’s clear that in addition to what’s on the labels being a concern, most concerning is what’s in the bottles. Consumers are advised that use of these product in virtually all automobiles currently on the road will likely cause harm to the engine.

CLICK BOTTLES BELOW FOR TEST RESULTS AND PQIA ASSESSMENTS




On another note, without response, PQIA extended an invitation to Ohio’s Department of Agriculture/Weights and Measures to attend the PQIA Summit and talk about the issues. We have and will continue to reach out to the state of Ohio about what can be done to protect consumers from off-spec, improperly labeled products sold in the state. We remain hopeful that they will take action.

The First PQIA Regional Lubricant Quality Summit was a Success!
September 29, 2017  

With nearly 100 in attendance, the first regional PQIA Lubricant Quality Summit on September 14th, in Wickliffe, Ohio, was deemed a success by attendees, speakers, supporters, and sponsors.

The theme of the PQIA Summit was "Taking it to the Streets" and by all indications, it hit its mark by raising awareness about the quality and integrity of lubricants in the market and shining a light on both good and bad motor oils, transmission fluids and other lubricants.

Adding to that, the Summit included informative presentations from industry thought leaders about the new CK-4 and FA-4 diesel engine oil specifications, developments in PCMO to address pre-ignition in T/GDI engines, the growing complexity of ATFs, and concerns about the proliferation and dangers of obsolete tractor hydraulic fluid (THF) in the market.

Further a panel discussion spoke to what a growing number of lubricant manufacturers and marketers say is an issue that must be addressed; that being the debasement of the terms
From left to right: Douglas Rathbun, Robert DeRubeis, Ronald Hayes, and John Stegierwald
"synthetic" and "synthetic blend" due to the absence of a technical definition or test to verify that a product is in fact a synthetic or blend.

Based on the attendance, Q&A exchanges, feedback PQIA received during and after the Summit, and a post event survey, it's clear the summit was a success. Attendees said they valued the diversity of the program, the highly relevant presentations and expertise of the speakers, and the opportunity to network with others in the lubricants industry.

The PQIA thanks its supporters, Lubrizol for hosting the first regional summit, event sponsors, speakers, and attendees for making this event a success.

Click HERE to see the highlights from this dynamic Summit



Test Results in on Four New Samples
September 29, 2017  

The results of the tests conducted on samples of the brands below meet the SAE J300 specifications for the SAE Viscosity Grade listed on the product label, and are consistent with the listed API Service Categories.

CLICK BOTTLES BELOW FOR TEST RESULTS

 

SAE 5W-20 Motor Oil







The results of the tests conducted on samples of the brands below are consistent with their labeled claims.

CLICK BOTTLES BELOW FOR TEST RESULTS

 

Automatic Transmission Fluid




Three Brands Tested: No Issues
August 24, 2017  

The results of the tests conducted on samples of the brands below meet the SAE J300 specifications for the SAE Viscosity Grade listed on the product label, and are consistent with the listed API Service Categories.

CLICK BOTTLES BELOW FOR TEST RESULTS





Results in on Three More Diesel Engine Oils
July 26, 2017  

The results of the tests conducted on the samples meet the SAE J300 specifications for the SAE Viscosity Grade listed on the product labels, and are consistent with the with the labeled specifications.

CLICK BOTTLES BELOW FOR TEST RESULTS





Shane O'Kelly, CEO of PetroChoice Joins PQIA Advisory Board
July 19, 2017  

The Petroleum Quality Institute of America is pleased to announce a new member to PQIA's Advisory Board, Shane M. O'Kelly.

Shane O'Kelly, CEO PetroChoice
Shane is the Chief Executive Officer of PetroChoice, the largest bulk lubricant distributor in the United States. Under Shane's tenure, PetroChoice successfully completed 16 acquisitions and now has 51 locations serving 32 states. Shane holds an MBA from Harvard Business School and a bachelor of science from the United States Military Academy.

Thomas F. Glenn, President of PQIA, says "We decided recently to enhance and round out our advisory board with an additional seat for another lubricant distributor, and Shane is a perfect fit. He is a creative strategist who embodies the type of advisory board member necessary to advance PQIA's efforts to help assure the quality and integrity of lubricants in the marketplace."

The Petroleum Quality Institute of America's Advisory Board (AB) comprises a distinguished group of professionals with prominence in a broad range of fields in the lubricants business. The AB includes representatives from additive companies, major and independent lubricant manufacturers, and with Shane now coming on board, two of the country's largest lubricant distributors.

Shane O'Kelly is excited to join the board and says, "I am proud to be joining the Advisory Board and believe strongly in PQIA's role as a 'watchdog' in our industry. I look forward to supporting PQIA's mission of independently verifying the quality of lubricants in the market. It's critical that we collectively ensure that products being delivered to end customers meet the established standards and specifications."

The PQIA Advisory Board provides guidance, advice, and recommendations to PQIA's management to ensure a fair, equitable, rigorous, transparent and unbiased approach in the manner in which PQIA carries out its mission. In addition, the AB serves as an advocate of PQIA and its purpose and mission to lubricant industry stakeholders.

ABOUT PQIA
The Petroleum Quality Institute of America is an independent resource for information and insights on the quality of lubricants in the marketplace. The company serves the consumer of lubricants by testing and reporting on the quality and integrity of lubricants in the marketplace. More

ABOUT PETROCHOICE
PetroChoice is a premier distributor of lubricants and services to thousands of companies in many states including Pennsylvania, Maryland, Ohio, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Jersey, North Carolina, Florida, Tennessee, Kansas, Colorado, and Nebraska among others. The company distributes and offers its services from more than 50 locations in 32 states every day and include top brands of oils, greases, and other lubricants. More



Dollar General Steps up to API SN/ILSAC GF-5
July 10, 2017  

CLICK BOTTLE FOR DETAILS
As widely reported by PQIA and many local and national news outlets, including an ABC News – Good Morning America segment, the discount chain Dollar General is facing multiple lawsuits for selling “Obsolete” motor oil. The most recent of these lawsuits was filed last month by New Mexico’s Attorney General, Hector Balderas. The lawsuit alleges false advertising, unfair trade practices, and environmental public nuisance for the sale of obsolete motor oil in New Mexico stores from 2010 until February of this year.

Regardless of how the lawsuits are settled, there is some good news to report regarding the Dollar General (DG) branded motor oils. The PQIA has recently observed, from a relatively limited sampling of Dollar General stores, that the company has upgraded its store brand (DG Auto) motor oils to the current API SN/ILSAC GF-5 service category. The PQIA applauds Dollar General for making the change, and we remain hopeful that this
CLICK BOTTLE FOR DETAILS
action has been implemented at all of its stores.

The PQIA recently purchased two samples (5W-30 and 10W-30) of the DG Auto brand motor oil label as meeting the API SN/GF-5 Service Category. The results of the tests conducted on the samples show that the products tested meet the SAE J300 specifications for the SAE Viscosity Grades shown on the labels and are consistent with the current API SN Service Category and ILSAC GF-5.

Related Stories:

June 6, 2017
Attorney General Balderas Files Suit Against Major Discount Chain Dollar General

February 12, 2016
PQIA on GMA – Good Morning America – Read the Labels!

February 10, 2016
Motor Oil Lawsuits Offer Critical Lesson: Read the Fine Print

December 22, 2015
“Lawsuit: Dollar General motor oil not safe for cars newer than 1980s”

October 2, 2015
Why are Obsolete Motor Oils Still on the Shelves?

Results in on Four Samples of 5W-20
June 27, 2017  

The results are in on four samples of 5W-20 motor oils.  Although the results of the tests conducted on the samples meet the SAE J300 specifications for the SAE Viscosity Grade listed on the product label, and are consistent with the listed API Service Categories, one of the brands (Zecol-MAX) got our attention.  This is because while the front label on the sample tested identifies the product as a "Synthetic SAE 5W-20 Motor Oil," the back label identifies it as a "Semi-Synthetic SAE 5W-20 Motor Oil."  Once again, consumers are advised to read the labels when buying motor oils. 

CLICK BOTTLES BELOW FOR TEST RESULTS

 

 

PQIA Releases National Survey Findings on ATF
June 21, 2017  

 

METUCHEN, NJ - June 21, 2017 - The Petroleum Quality Institute of America (PQIA) today announced the findings of a national survey (Automatic Transmission Fluid - Survey 2017) focused on the quality and integrity of automatic transmission fluid (ATF) in the US market.

According to Thomas F. Glenn, President of PQIA, "The findings of the survey are eye-opening. They show that the lubricant industry and consumers recognize there are significant issues around quality and integrity of automatic transmission fluid in the US market and that action can and should be taken to address them."

Key findings from PQIA's survey reveal that off-spec, potentially transmission damaging ATFs are a significant issue in the minds of buyers and sellers of ATF, and misleading ATF labeling is the leading reason why. With that, Glenn says," The survey reveals an interesting dichotomy between the high levels of concern around labeling but a fairly low concern about actual quality. This suggests that if the industry can get labeling in order, there may not necessarily be significant issues with the quality of ATF in the market."

The Most Concerning Issues About ATFs in the Market
For those unfamiliar with ATF, it's a vital lubricant that performs many functions enabling a transmission to operate. Without ATF, nearly all cars on the road would come to a halt. But as critical as ATF is to the proper operation of a vehicle, the PQIA survey reveals there is considerable confusion among buyers and sellers of ATF about the products in the market. This is because where Dexron® III/Mercon® fluids used to be the leading types of automatic transmission fluids (ATF) in the US market, these ATFs are being replaced by a splintering number of newer OEM specific ATF requirements, including ATF+4, Mercon V, Mercon LV, Dexron VI, ATF DW-1, ATF T-IV, SP-IV, Matic S and Matic D and K, Toyota ATF-WS, Honda DW (ZF), Diamond SP-IV, and others.

What used to be a fairly simple matter of selecting the right ATF for your car has become much more complicated. For these reasons, and others identified in PQIA's survey, the industry can and should do more to protect the interests of consumers, installers, and others buying and selling automatic transmission fluid. And from what the survey reveals, a good start is in educating buyers and sellers, and improving the labeling of ATFs in the market.

CLICK FOR REPORT


If you are having problems viewing the flipbook,
please click here.
The PQIA says the next step is to turn the information and insights from the survey into action and it will do so by taking the lead to develop an ATF Quality Improvement Leadership Council comprising lubricant and additive manufacturers and distributors, OEMs, installers, consumers, industry associations, and the media.

Contact Tom Glenn at PQIA if you would like to participate on the council.


 

Thank You to Our Supporters 

The PQIA thanks its supporters for their continuing contributions to help assure the quality and integrity of lubricants in the market, and we would like to once again acknowledge their unwavering commitment to quality and protecting the interests of the motoring public.

CLICK HERE FOR SUPPORTERS

 

Result in on Four ATFs and Five Antifreeze/Coolants, and PQIA's Thought on the AAA's Synthetic Motor Oil Report
June 19, 2017

The results of the tests conducted on the most recent samples of automatic transmission fluid (ATF) check out fine. The samples are consistent with their labeled claims.
Click Bottles for Details


A Look at Five More Antifreeze/Coolants
Click Bottles for Details
         



PQIA's Thoughts on the AAA's Synthetic Motor Oil Report

The American Automobile Association (AAA) released a comprehensive research report announcing that "synthetic oil outperformed conventional oil by an average of nearly 50 percent in its independent evaluation, offering vehicles significantly better engine protection for only $5 more per month when following a factory-recommended oil change schedule."  
 
The Petroleum Quality Institute of America applauds AAA's efforts to help educate consumers about motor oils and found their report to be very interesting and informative. 
 
While PQIA believes most would agree that full synthetics do provide a higher level of engine protection than conventional motor oil, and there is bench and engine test data to support such claims, the devil is in the details. And although such details as the brands tested, why they were selected, and how the AAA defines "premium" among the brands tested are not made available in the research report, these are important factors to consider. This is particularly the case with regards to the definition of "premium" since a number of motor oil manufacturers now offer three tiers of synthetic motor oils, including synthetics, high mileage synthetics, and synthetics offering significant extensions in oil change intervals. 
Further, PQIA feels it is important to note the following with regards to the eight industry-standard ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) tests the AAA used to evaluate the quality of synthetics and conventional engine oils:  
  • Some of the tests in the study are highly variable (i.e. MHT-4, 1 sigma can be as high as 15 units) and may not be included in the upcoming ILSAC GF-6 specification. 
  • The TFOUT is not an industry accepted test because it does not predict field performance as opposed to liking certain chemistries.  The test has not been used as part of ILSAC Specifications which began in the early 1990's. 
  • The value of KO Shear on a 5W-20 is minimal since oils are formulated at the top of specification and rarely shear out of grade, and are typically significantly above minimum. Directionally, however, a full synthetic motor oil would outperform a conventional. 
  • The TEOST 33 provides limited information to support claims about synthetics out performing conventional motor oils. 
  • The Brookfield test yields minimally valued insights in the performance differences between synthetic and conventional.
Another important point for consumers to consider is that the AAA report says "synthetic oil outperformed conventional oil by an average of nearly 50 percent in its independent evaluation, offering vehicles significantly better engine protection for only $5 more per month when following a factory-recommended oil change schedule." PQIA advises consumers that a key part of this statement is "when following a factory-recommended oil change schedule." As such, it does not say synthetic motor oils can last 50% longer.  

Again, PQIA applauds the AAA for its efforts to help educate consumers about motor oils, and PQIA understands there is bench and engine test data to support the advantages of synthetics over conventional motor oil.

Links to related stories
Lubes-n-Greases September 2014
Beyond "Synthetics"

Lubes-n-Greases August 2014
Four 5W-30s and They All Look Good
May 30, 2017  

 

The results of the tests conducted on the four samples of SAE 5W-30 shown below meet the SAE J300 specifications for a SAE 5W-30 viscosity grade and are consistent with the API Service Categories shown on the labels.

 

CLICK BOTTLES FOR DETAILS

 

 

Five 5W-20s and They All Look Good
May 19, 2017  

 

The results of the tests conducted on the five samples of SAE 5W-20 shown below meet the SAE J300 specifications a SAE 5W-20 viscosity grade and are consistent with the API Service Categories shown on the labels.

 

CLICK BOTTLES FOR DETAILS

 

 

Consumer Alerts Issued on Three "Q Motor Oil®" Viscosity Grades
May 11, 2017  

 

Q Motor Oil 5•30, 10•40, and 10•30

The test results on samples of the Q Motor Oil® brand indicate the products are NOT suitable for use in virtually all automobile engines currently on the road. Use of the products in automobile engines will likely cause harm to the engine. Similarly, although the back label on the products state “Suitable for Moderate Diesel Engines,” use of these products in diesel engines will likely cause harm to the engine.

CLICK BOTTLES FOR DETAILS

 

 

Results in on Five Brands of 5W-20
May 4, 2017  

 

The results are in on five brands of 5W-20 and the tests conducted on the samples meet the SAE J300 specifications for the SAE Viscosity Grade listed on the product labels, and are consistent with the listed API Service Categories.

 

CLICK BOTTLES FOR DETAILS

 

 

Results in on Four API CK-4 Diesel Engine Oils
April 24, 2017  

 

The results are in on the first four samples of diesel engine oil PQIA observed in the market labeled with the new API CK-4 performance specification. Each of the samples examined meet the SAE J300 specification for an SAE 15W-40 along with the phosphorus and Noack volatility requirements needed to meet the new API CK-4 specification. The results of other tests conducted on the samples are consistent with the listed API Service Categories.

 

CLICK BOTTLES FOR DETAILS

 

 

PQIA Enhances Website to Include User Friendly Search and Sort Features
April 24, 2017  

 

Visitors to the PQIA website can now search and sort PQIA's sample database by brand, date of sample, SAE viscosity grade, API Service Category, and the PQIA Sample Assessments.

The search feature also provides a direct link to the analysis reports for each of the samples tested by PQIA.

The following is a Quick Start Guide to using the search and sort feature:

 

 

 

Five 0W-20s and They All Look Good
April 11, 2017  

 

The results of the tests conducted on the five samples of SAE 0W-20 shown below meet the SAE J300 specifications a SAE 0W-20 viscosity grade and are consistent with the API Service Categories shown on the labels.

 

CLICK BOTTLES FOR DETAILS

 

Mobil 1 Advanced Fuel Economy STP SYN Full Synthetic Pennzoil Platinum Full Synthetic Valvoline Full Synthetic SYNPower Castrol EDGE Full Synthetic

 

A Look at the 0W-20s Examined by PQIA in 2014 to 2017(YTD)
April 11, 2017  

 

Although SAE 5W-30 accounts for the majority of the passenger car motor oil (PCMO) consumed in the US, demand for the grade continues to decline as some of the leading Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) shift to lower viscosity grade PCMOs in an effort to improve fuel economy. The biggest beneficiary of the shift is SAE 0W-20. Currently accounting for roughly 10% of PCMO consumed in the US, demand for the 0W-20 viscosity grade is expected to nearly triple over the next 10 years. Because of this, the PQIA will be examining an increasing number of 0W-20s moving forward as more of these products populate retail shelves. CLICK FOR MORE.

 

Next Up: CK-4 and FA-4 Diesel Engine Oils
April 11, 2017  

 

The PQIA has received a significant number of inquiries from readers asking if and when PQIA will take a look at the new CK-4 and FA-4 diesel engine oils. The answer is “yes” we will be looking at both as they enter the market and PQIA already has samples in the laboratory for testing. Results for the first group of samples will be published in the next two weeks. CLICK FOR MORE.

 

 

PQIA Examines Five Brands of ATF, One Has Issues
March 24, 2017  

 

The PQIA Examines Five Automatic Transmission Fluid (ATF) Brands and Issues an Advisory on One

 

The results of the tests conducted on samples of MidWest Guard, NaviGuard, SuperS Custom Plus, and Vantage shown below meet the requirements for DEXRON® III/MERCON®.

 

The sample of PolyGuard tested does not meet the specification for a Type A transmission fluid, as the product is labelled. In addition, Type A Automatic Transmission Fluid is obsolete and not suitable for use in automatic transmissions manufactured after 1957. The label on this product does not provide any warning to consumers about this limited use.

 

CLICK BOTTLES FOR DETAILS

 

MidWest Guard Navi Guard SuperS
Custom Plus
Vantage PolyGuard
Type A

ADVISORY

 

PQIA Examines Four More Motor Oil Samples, All Check Out Fine
March 17, 2017  

 

The results of the tests conducted on the samples below meet the SAE J300 specifications for the SAE Viscosity Grade listed on their product label, and are consistent with their listed API Service Categories.

 

CLICK BOTTLES FOR DETAILS

 

CarQuest Navi Guard Ultra Navi Guard Elite CITGO Supergard

 

The PQIA Examines Five Automatic Transmission Fluid (ATF) Brands  and Issues an Advisory on One
March 9, 2017  

 

Advisory: The MORGAS ATF D/M label states that the product is suitable for use in transmissions where DEXRON® III or MERCON® is specified. PQIA’s test results for this sample do not meet the DEXRON III and MERCON specification for Flash Point and Kinematic Viscosity at 100ºC. CLICK FOR DETAILS

 

Note: This is not the first time PQIA has found issues with this brand. In fact, on February 24, 2017, PQIA issued a Consumer Alert on MORGAS SAE 5W-20 motor oil.

 

The Other Four ATFs; No Issues

 

The results of the tests conducted on samples of the brands shown below meet the requirements for DEXRON® III/MERCON®.

 

CLICK BOTTLES FOR DETAILS

MileMaster National PolyGUARD Parts Master

 

Enhanced Sample Reports

 

PQIA is pleased to announce an enhancement to the reports it issues on the brands tested. The enhancement is in direct response to those who have visited the PQIA website and asked us to include a visual representation of the critical test data tied to specifications.

 

Moving forward, in addition to the actual test data PQIA shows on the reports, the sample report pages now include horizontal bar charts showing where the sample test data falls relative to specifications. Click on the bottles in this newsletter to see the graphics in action.

 

 

PQIA Examines Five Samples of 5W-20; Issues One Consumer Alert, One Advisory
FEBRUARY 24, 2017  

MORGAS SAE 5W-20

 

The results of the tests conducted on this sample do NOT meet the SAE J300 specifications for the SAE Viscosity Grade listed on the product label, and are NOT consistent with the listed API Service Category.

 

The Kinematic Viscosity @ 100°C is 14% lower than the minimum viscosity specification for this SAE grade. In addition, the Volatility result is substantially higher than the maximum allowed in the SN specification.

 

It should also be noted that the back label states this product "is compatible with SN, SM, SL and ILSAC GF-5 service classification." when in fact it does not meet any of these specifications.

 

Use of this product in the majority of vehicles on the road today may cause unsatisfactory engine performance. CLICK FOR MORE

 


 

SuperS Custom Plus SAE 5W-20 SJ

 

Advisory: The results of the tests conducted on this sample meet the SAE J300 specifications for the SAE Viscosity Grade listed on the product label, and are consistent with the API SJ Service Category. It should be noted, however, that API SJ motor oils are intended for use in vehicles built prior to 2002. Although not stated on the labels, consumers should be aware of its limited use. Further, whereas the labels state, "For use where an SJ motor oil is recommended," and "is compatible with API approved engine oils," the labels do not claim this product actually meets any API Service Categories.

 

The high level of silicon in this sample is unusual and may indicate contamination with abrasive material. CLICK FOR MORE

 

 

Other 5W-20s Recently Examined

 

The results of the tests conducted on samples of the brands shown below meet the SAE J300 specifications for the SAE Viscosity Grade listed on the product labels, and are consistent with the listed API Service Categories.

 

CLICK BOTTLES FOR DETAILS

 

Five More Samples From the Midwest-Consumer Alert Issued on One
FEBRUARY 6, 2017  

 

PQIA examines five more motor oil samples purchased in the midwest and issues a Consumer Alert on one and an Advisory on another. Cautions consumer not to Buy SUPER XXX Platinum 10W30.

 

Consumer Alert: A Consumer Alert is issued on SUPER XXX Platinum “10W30 API SM/GF-3” manufactured by Chi-Town Lubricants located in Dolton, IL. The results of the tests conducted on the sample DO NOT meet the SAE J300 specifications for an SAE 10W-30 viscosity grade, and ARE NOT consistent with the referenced API SM Service Category. Use of this product in automobile engines may cause harm to most vehicles currently on the road. CLICK FOR DETAILS

 

 


 

Advisory: An Advisory is issued on PolyGUARD All Season 5W-30 API SF/CC manufactured in PolyGuard Products Division located in Medina, MN. The reason for the Advisory is that the product is labeled as meeting an OBSOLETE API Service Category (SF/CC) and the labels fail to give consumers adequate warning about its potential harm to more modern engines. With regards to the API SF Service Category, the API states: “CAUTION: Not suitable for use in most gasoline-powered automotive engines built after 1988. May not provide adequate protection against build-up of engine sludge.” CLICK FOR DETAILS

 

 


 

Other motor oils examined in the most recent round of samples from the mid-west region are shown below:

Vantage Everest MidWest Guard

 

PQIA Issues Consumer Alerts on Two AntiFreeze/Coolant Samples
JANUARY 27, 2017  

 

Two of the five coolant/antifreeze samples recently examined by PQIA fail to meet their label claims for freeze point protection.

 

Polar Zone: Test results on the sample of Polar Zone examined has a freeze point of -2.2°F. This freeze point is above the labeled claim stating “Protects to -20°F,” and well above the industry standard of -33.5°F. In addition, the pH at 12.12 is 1.12 higher than required to meet the ASTM D-3306 specification.

 

Super XXX: The freeze point of the product tested is -15°F. This is higher than the product’s labeled claim of -34°F and is higher than the industry standard of -33.5°F. The test results are not consistent with a new coolant based on the standard specifications stated in ASTM D-3306 and ASTM D-4985. The level of degradation acids (glycolate and formate) in the sample tested are unusually high. In addition, the concentration of chloride is 228% higher than the maximum level of 25mg/L as stated in ASTM D-3306 and ASTM D-4985 for a new coolant.

 

 

Antifreeze/coolants recently tested by PQIA that are consistent with the labeled claims:

 

Note: Major Brands Oil Company contacted PQIA saying that the results of the tests conducted on its product in 2015 were not reflective of the company’s current quality and encouraged PQIA to proactively test its Performance Antifreeze & Coolant currently in the market. PQIA did so and purchased products from two locations in Michigan. Click Performance jugs above for test results on the samples.

Smitty’s Supply to Pay $755,155 in Consumer Protection Settlement
JANUARY 27, 2017  

 

The Orange County District Attorney’s Office has obtained a consumer protection settlement against a Louisiana Company, Smitty’s Supply, Inc.

Based on random product testing conducted by the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA), Division of Measurement Standards (DMS) that began in 2012, it was determined that samples of Smitty’s Custom Plus™ Motor Oil products sold within the State of California “did not meet the specifications represented on the label.”

The Final Judgement states that “There were several violations for selling, or offering for sale, petroleum or automotive products of a different grade than represented on the label and adulterated or mislabeled product that does not meet the latest automotive manufacturer’s recommended requirements as indicated on the label.”

The total settlement was in the amount of $751,155. This includes civil penalties of $555,000, investigative and other costs of $196,155.

In addition to the $751,155, the Final Judgment and Permanent Injunction requires Smitty’s to develop and implement a quality assurance program to ensure that the lubricants it sells or distributes in the state of California comply with industry standards and all state and federal laws. The QA program must also include that Smitty’s places a traceable date and batch number of every product to assure that the quantity and location of products sold or distributed in California can be traced.

Importantly, the quality assurance program must also be maintained in writing and explained to Smitty’s employees involved in the management, blending, testing, packaging, transportation and others involved with its lubricant products. Further, they must acknowledge, by signature, that they will abide by the QA program requirements.

Click for Details: Settlement – Smitty’s Supply, Inc., dba Smitty’s, a Louisiana Company

 

PQIA Issues Two Consumer Alerts on ATF
JANUARY 11, 2017  

 

PQIA examines five samples of automatic transmission fluid purchased in the Midwest market. While the results of the tests conducted on three of the samples meet the requirements for their labeled claims, PQIA issues Consumer Alerts/Don’t Buys on two. The two samples are branded under names all too familiar to PQIA. One is the Everclear brand ATF. This is the fourteenth time PQIA has issued Consumer Alerts on lubricants marketed under the Everclear brand. Further, this product has been ordered off the shelves in the states of Georgia and North Carolina. /span>

Click for More...

  

CLICK BOTTLES BELOW FOR DETAILS




 




CLICK HERE FOR MORE SAMPLE RESULTS AND NEWS




 





The Petroleum Quality Institute of America is able to serve buyers and consumers of lubricants in part through the support of lubricant manufacturers, marketers, and others. Please contact us at the link below if you too would like to sponsor PQIA's efforts to help assure the quality of lubricants in the marketplace. Click here to contact us about how you can help supporter PQIA's efforts
or call us at
732-201-4033

 


Click Here to Sign Up
For Our Newsletters

Report Concerns About Lubricant Quality to PQIA
Information provided is Treated Confidentially and
Callers can remain anonymous

or

email PQIA at:

 tips@pqia.org

 

 


 



PQIA NEWSLETTER
 ARCHIVES





 

Royal Purple Joins to Support PQIA

 

Reliance Fluid Technologies Joins to Support PQIA 

 

PQIA Welcomes the Support of JAX to Help Assure the Quality and Integrity of Lubricants

 

L.F. Powers Joins to Support PQIA

Ocean State Oil Joins to Support PQIA

Keller-Heartt Supports PQIA

Leahy-Wolf Joins to Support PQIA's Efforts to Help Assure the Quality and Integrity of Lubricants in the Marketplace

PQIA Adds Automatic Transmission Fluids to its Motor Oil Timeline

David Fenderson, from G.H. Berlin Joins the Petroleum Quality Institute of America Advisory Board

API cancelled several Silogram API certifications, as well as the Auto Club brand

RelaDyne took swift action to recall defective motor oil sold in quart bottles under the "Bullet" brand

Responsible Labeling Of Motor Oil...Room For Improvement

Alarms should go off when you read "Top Off" on the label

 

 

May 12, 2012 - PQIA Moves Forward With Bulk Oil Testing Program


May 2, 2012 - Bad Engine Oils are Not Hard to Find

Apr 25, 2012 - PQIA Issues a "Don't Buy" on Bullseye Motor Oil

Mar 22, 2012 - Silogram Lubricants Files Suit Against Everclear

 

Jan 2012 -  Check your oil


Sept 19, 2011  - The Petroleum Quality Institute of America Issues Consumer Alerts On Six Motor Oils

 

Mar 15, 2011 - PQIA Issues Consumer Alert on Everclear Motor Oil

March 2011 - Who Can You Trust


Mar 11, 2011 -  Are you Harming your Enspensive Ride with Engine Oil Made for Cars Built in the 1930?

May 25, 2010 PQIA Takes up the Issue of Line Wash Misuse

 

CLICK FOR MORE

 

Read the
Labels!

Unless this is your car, you could be damaging your engine with obsolete oil made for cars built in the 1930!



CLICK FOR MORE

 


 

 

 Do you have an article of interest or a whitepaper that you would like to share with the PQIA community? Please contact us